A la mort de Merce Cunningham le 26 juillet 2009, on a pu lire sur son site de très nombreux messages émanant de milieux très divers, signe de la grande modernité d’un homme qui a 84 ans, fascinait encore jusqu’aux plus grandes stars du rock mondial. Ainsi, comme dans la vie, dans les chorégraphies de Cunningham coexistent la danse, la musique, l’œuvre plastique, qui, travaillées chacune de leur côté, sont superposées le jour du spectacle en une rencontre artistique ouverte. The Museum of Modern Art in New York presented a retrospective of Stella's work in 1970, making him the youngest artist to receive one. NEW YORK (AP) - Merce Cunningham, the avant-garde dancer and choreographer who revolutionized modern dance by creating works of pure movement divorced … Son travail sera utilisé dans la danse postmoderne pour le mettre en branle ou pour le continuer, avec l'idée que tout mouvement a une valeur égale. Merce Cunningham 1966, 49:05, b&w, sound First composed and performed in 1965, "Variations V" is a true testament to 1960's experiments with "intermedia"—a c... Just Dance Dance Moms Merce Cunningham John Cage Dance Quotes Modern Dance When You Love Dance Pictures Life Is Hard Ce n’est plus le temps de la musique que l’on suit, mesure à mesure, mais c’est le temps du chronomètre. Also in 1944, Cunningham debuted some of his solo works that he choreographed, including Root of an Unfocus, featuring music by Cage. Merce Cunningham Dance Company in Beach Birds. 1995. His avant-garde dance performances and innovative choreography earned him plenty of fans and lots of critical acclaim. Merce Cunningham was a respected dancer and choreographer. SINCE 1964, Merce Cunningham has been staging what he terms “Events”: productions that assemble fragments of dances from throughout his company’s historical repertory, repurposed for specific venues, from Grand Central Station to Persepolis. On est en 1948 avec Untitled Solo. Merce Cunningham was born on April 16, 1919. “By Cunningham standards, it’s among his least radical works: It shows, as pre-Cunningham generations of modern dance had, a keen interest in the “primitive,” albeit in mysterious ways.” Merce Cunningham was born in Centralia, Washington in … Born in Centralia, Washington, on April 19, 1919, Merce Cunningham studied modern dance under Bonnie Bird in Seattle. During his 70 year long career he created more than 150 choreographies and turned his life into a rags to riches story. Encouraged by Graham, Cunningham began to choreograph in 1943. When arthritis seriously began to disrupt his dancing in the early 1990s, Cunningham turned to a special animated computer program, DanceForms, to explore new choreographic possibilities. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. His avant-garde dance performances and innovative choreography earned him plenty of fans and lots of critical acclaim. As a soloist for her company, he created many important roles, and his incredible jumps were showcased in Graham’s “El Penitente” (1940), “Letter to the World” (1940), and “Appalachian Spring” (1944). Michelle Potter, 5 March 2019. Un grand nombre de danseurs passés par le studio Cunningham ont formé leur propre compagnie de danse, notamment Paul Taylor, Trisha Brown, Lucinda Childs, Steve Paxton, Karole Armitage, Dominique Bagouet, Angelin Preljocaj, Jean-Claude Gallotta, Philippe Decouflé, Floanne Ankah, Foofwa d'Immobilité, Ann Papoulis, Kimberly Bartosik, et Jonah Bokaer. Rehearsals of the Company conducted by Merce, and archival performance footage of Cunningham's "Sounddance." Merce also attended the Mills College and w… Location: New York, NY. Ainsi, danser chez Merce Cunningham demande une grande disponibilité mentale, une maîtrise de son corps non rigide, il faut avoir l’esprit toujours vigilant pour danser cette danse. Le deuxième est de générer à partir de ces données une chorégraphie originale et aléatoire, ce qui constitue la base du travail historique de Cunningham. Le spectacle emblématique de l'utilisation de ce logiciel dans la démarche de création est Biped, créé en 1999. Merce Cunningham Dance Company frequently collaborated with visual artists, architects, designers, and musicians. Merce Cunningham Quotes - BrainyQuote The use of chance operations opened out my way of working. After high school he attended the Cornish School of Fine and Applied Arts in Seattle, Washington, for two years. Corrections? Merce Cunningham, a colossus of 20th-century choreography, is perhaps most famous for his sheer fecundity--inventing steps, choreographing 200+ dances, and over 800 "Events" (site-specific works). The choreographer Merce Cunningham was undoubtedly the greatest single influence on contemporary dance both in Britain and in the US. To mark Cunningham’s 90th birthday, the Brooklyn Academy of Music premiered his new and last work, Nearly Ninety, in April 2009. L’utilisation du hasard lui permet de prendre des décisions esthétiques de manière objective et impersonnelle. Mar 2, 2019 - Explore Margie Cambian's board "Cunningham, Merce" on Pinterest. Here, he pursued formal dance and theatre training. Les séquences de danse ont telle ou telle durée. Although the use of chance operations was considered an abrogation of artistic responsibility, Cunningham was thrilled by a process that arrives at works that could never have been created through traditional collaboration. Refine By + Refine By Refine By. Featured image: DIA Beacon Events (2008). Year. He started his life in Centralia, Washington and ended his days in the Big Apple. Renowned as both choreographer and dancer, Merce Cunningham (1919–2009) also revolutionized dance through his partnerships with the many artists who created costumes, lighting, films and videos, and décor and sound for his choreographic works. He had two other brothers who unlike him followed their father’s line of work. Merce Cunningham, (born April 16, 1919, Centralia, Washington, U.S.—died July 26, 2009, New York, New York), American modern dancer and choreographer who developed new forms of abstract dance movement. Frank Stella was born in Malden, Massachusetts, to parents of Italian descent. Sixteen Dances for Soloist and Company of Three. The American Merce Cunningham (born 1919) was a solo dancer of commanding presence, a controversial choreographer, an influential teacher, and an organizer of an internationally acclaimed avant-garde dance company. Le spectateur est appelé à être actif, puisqu’il n’y a pas de sens qui lui soit donné, il est libre de voir ou d’entendre ce qu’il veut, selon son propre désir. Merce Cunningham fait partie de tout un courant artistique - de l'art moderne - qui a affecté le monde des arts plastiques, de la musique et dans une moindre mesure celui de la danse. De la même façon, il fait travailler séparément son équipe sur la musique, sur les costumes et l'éventuel décor lumineux, et réunit l'ensemble le jour de la représentation. All Composers {{composer.LABEL}} Set Designer. American Dancer and Choreographer. Inspired also by the pursuit of pure movement as devoid as possible of emotional implications, Cunningham developed “choreography by chance,” a technique in which selected isolated movements are assigned sequence by such random methods as tossing a coin. Rediffusion de l'émission du 08.10.2011. Il quitte la compagnie de Graham en 1945 et crée ses premiers solos. Who doesn't love being #1? Réalisation : Isabelle Yhuel. All Durations Length Unknown 5 min 5-15 min > 15 min. All Designers {{designer.LABEL}} Costumes . Stella lives and works in New York City. by David Vaughan Introduction The Early Years 1919 — 1949 Establishing The Merce Cunningham Dance Company 1950 — 1960 The World Tour and the Cunningham Dance Foundation 1960 — 1970 Soundance, Westbeth and Squaregame 1970 - 1980 Channels/Inserts, Roaratorio, Fabrications 1980 - 1990 Trackers, Beach Birds, CRWDSPCR 1990 - 1994 The Final Years … His death was announced by the Cunningham … La musicalité est interne au mouvement et à celui qui le danse, elle n’est pas imposée de l’extérieur. Photo by Ian Douglas 2014. Merce Cunningham pushed the boundaries of dance and art throughout his life. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Asked by Wiki User. Cunningham utilise le hasard (ou aléatoire) pour composer cette danse : il jette des pièces pour déterminer l’ordre des sections de la danse. Merce Cunningham was a famous choreographer and dancer (since the age of 13) who created a genre of dance called dance by … On pourrait dire que la danse de Cunningham serait une danse de l’intelligence par opposition à la danse de l’émotion de la modern dance. Alongside, he also started working as a choreographer and produced some of his early works such as ‘Root of an Unfocus’ (1944) and ‘Mysterious Adventure’ (1945). Alternative Title: Mercier Philip Cunningham Learn about the dances choreographed by Merce Cunningham such as John Cage's Roaratorio and David Tudor Sounddance, both inspired by the Irish author James Joyce Roaratorio, by John Cage, and Sounddance, by David Tudor, as choreographed by Merce Cunningham for his dance company. The Expressionist school dominated modern dance for several decades. Il expérimente alors des mouvements inconnus. C’est donc dans ce contexte que Cunningham, poussé par son compagnon le compositeur John Cage, va composer ses premières pièces. NEW YORK (AP) - Merce Cunningham, the avant-garde dancer and choreographer who revolutionized modern dance by creating works of pure movement divorced … His parents were Clifford D Cunningham and Mayme Cunningham. Merce Cunningham (de son vrai nom Mercier Philip Cunningham) était un danseur et chorégraphe américain né le 16 avril 1919 à Centralia (en) dans l'État de Washington aux États-Unis, et mort le 26 juillet 2009[1] à l'âge de 90 ans, dont l'oeuvre a contribué au renouvellement de la pensée de la danse dans le monde. Ce travail sur l'aléatoire le conduit à faire appel à des informaticiens et à créer Lifeform, un logiciel qui crée et modélise sous la forme d'un petit personnage virtuel, des mouvements aléatoires, dans un ordre aléatoire. Le rapport à l’espace est très spécifique également. Composer. Il n’y a pas de sens caché dans les chorégraphies de Cunningham et c’est à chacun de trouver son chemin dans son œuvre. In 1944 he presented his first solo show and in 1953 formed the Merce Cunningham Dance Company as a forum to explore his groundbreaking ideas. Updates? He first started formal dance training at the Cornish Institute of Allied Arts in Seattle. Enfin le troisième est de créer des images à partir de capteurs de mouvements posés sur les danseurs et traités par l'informatique. Initially a silent-film accompanist and puppeteer, Nikolais began his study of dance in about 1935 with Améliorez-le ou discutez des points à vérifier. Born: April 16, 1919 - Centralia, Washington, U.S. Died: July 26, 2009 - New York, New York . After leaving Graham’s company in 1945, Cunningham worked with Cage on numerous projects. The sequential arrangement of the component dances in Sixteen Dances for Soloist and Company of Three (1951) was thus determined, and in Suite by Chance (1953) the movement patterns themselves were so constructed. Merce Cunningham commence sa carrière de danseur chez Martha Graham, l'une des grandes figures de ce qui s’appelait alors la « modern dance ». Le premier est de pouvoir enregistrer des exercices ou des enchaînements à partir de cellules chorégraphiques informatisées se substituant aux notations choréologiques. The title references World War II (like in the lost prepared piano work Lidice (see Lidice) from 1943). C'est plus de l'ordre de la figure que de l'énergie circulante dans le corps. Duration. From the 1940s onward, however, there was a growing reaction against... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He was born in April of 1919 and passed away during the summer of 2009. Various extended techniques are used, such as producing sound by plucking strings. See more ideas about merce cunningham, cunningham, modern dance. He continued to perform in his works to an advanced age and died in July 2009 at age 90. Among his early works were Root of an Unfocus (1944) and Mysterious Adventure (1945). He attained his college education at George Washington University for a year and Cornish school of fine arts for two years. Location Fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Year: 1954. Chaque danseur est son propre centre. All 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 00s. He was born in April of 1919 and passed away during the summer of 2009. Like Cage, Cunningham was intrigued by the potential of random phenomena as determinants of structure. Merce Cunningham fait partie d'un courant artistique, l'art moderne, qui a affecté le monde des arts plastiques, de la musique et dans une moindre mesure celui de la danse. Ce n’est plus celui de la perspective. Vite rejoint par John Cage, il va creuser le mouvement et bouleverser les codes de la scène : tous les points de l'espace ont la même valeur, pourquoi ce rapport binaire entre la danse et la musique, chaque danseur est un soliste, il n'y a plus un chœur et un seul soliste… Il est à la charnière entre la danse moderne et postmoderne et n'entre dans aucune des deux catégories. The Expressionist school dominated modern dance for several decades. Both images used in this post are from Merce Cunningham: Passing Time 1967-2011, Photos by James Klosty and Stephanie Berger and are used with the kind permission of the photographer. Merce Cunningham Dance Company frequently collaborated with visual artists, architects, designers, and musicians. 30s. Merce Cunningham was born on April 16, 1919, in Centralia Washington. L’espace se fait et se défait, se tisse sous les yeux des spectateurs, libre à eux de choisir ce qui les intéresse plutôt que de fixer le danseur étoile au centre de la scène. En dehors du hasard, c’est le traitement du temps qui est spécifique chez Cunningham. More by Dan Schindel One reply on “A 3D Experience Recreates Merce Cunningham’s Most Famous Dances” trevor richard wells … Unlike many of their collaborative video works, in which Cunningham composed dances specifically for the camera, Walkaround Time (1968) was originally created as a stage dance. https://www.theguardian.com/.../27/obituary-merce-cunningham Throughout his career, Merce Cunningham embraced technology in his work from early experiments with television and video to the use of computers, body sensors, and motion capture technology. Location: New York, NY. Born in Centralia, Washington on April 16, 1919, Cunningham began his professional dance career at 20 with a six-year tenure as a soloist in the Martha Graham Dance Company. Cunningham's Timeline. DIA Art Foundation, Beacon, New York. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Son œuvre a contribué au renouvellement de la pensée de la danse dans le monde. Piano preparation involves only screws or bolts. Filter By All. Cunningham a été l’un des premiers chorégraphes à s’approprier l’usage de la caméra pour filmer la danse, non comme un témoin de travail, mais comme un objet visuel en soi. On peut dire que ce moyen d’arriver à la création, non par intuition, instinct ou goût personnel, a été une sorte de point de non-retour dans la conception chorégraphique de Cunningham. 0 0 1. … Licensing opportunities Cunningham Technique Class. On pourrait dire que ce sont des artistes « urbains » qui ne tournent pas le dos aux impressions sonores et visuelles émanant de la vie citadine, ni aux innovations technologiques de leur temps. Merce Cunningham, who has died aged 90, was one of the greatest choreographers of the 20th century, and the greatest American-born one. Le problème de la chute suivie du saut résume bien la difficulté de la mise en œuvre, et même ces erreurs sont acceptées. En 2002, Merce Cunningham reçoit à Monaco, pour l'ensemble de sa carrière, le Prix Nijinski remis par Robert Rauschenberg. https://www.nytimes.com/.../balanchine-cunningham-dance.html His ... he designed the set and costumes for Scramble, a dance piece by Merce Cunningham. En 1953, il fonde sa compagnie, la Merce Cunningham Dance Company (MVDC) au Black Mountain College. Merce Cunningham essaye de se défaire des coordinations du corps et tire au hasard des éléments du corps et des directions. While performing with Martha Graham, Cunningham began to choreograph independently, and presented his first New York solo concert with John Cage in 1944. Le cercle d’artistes gravitant autour de Cage et Cunningham se composait entre autres de plasticiens comme Robert Rauschenberg et Jasper Johns, de compositeurs comme Earle Brown, Morton Feldman, David Tudor, pour ne citer qu’eux. Chaque cellule a sa propre musicalité dans ses rapports des mouvements entre eux et avec ceux des autres. He started his life in Centralia, Washington and ended his days in the Big Apple. Sixteen … Cunningham’s abstract dances vary greatly in mood but are frequently characterized by abrupt changes and contrasts in movement. Answer. Symphonie pour un homme seul (1952; later called Collage) was performed to Pierre Schaeffer and Pierre Henry’s composition of the same name and was the first performance in the United States of musique concrète, or music constructed from tape-recorded environmental sounds. Title. Photo by Jaime Roque de la Cruz 2012. Merce Cunningham, a colossus of 20th-century choreography, is perhaps most famous for his sheer fecundity--inventing steps, choreographing 200+ dances, and over 800 "Events" (site-specific works). Ce phénomène de l'art chorégraphique, par sa longévité et sa puissance créatrice, était un maître, une référence majeure de l'histoire de la danse. C'est une danse assez verticale qui décompose le mouvement sur l'axe fort de la colonne. From 1939 to 1945 he was a soloist in the Martha Graham Company. From the 1940s onward, however, there was a growing reaction against Expressionism spearheaded by. Cunningham formed the Merce Cunningham Dance Company in 1953 and went on to create more than one hundred and fifty works for the company, many of which have been performed internationally by ballet and modern dance companies. Composed in late 1942 for a dance by Merce Cunningham. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 10 septembre 2020 à 20:51. He also began working with film and created Locale (1979). Merce Cunningham and fellow recipients receiving honorary degrees from Wesleyan University. Dance Magazine Award Year: … C’est d’ailleurs en cela qu’il serait difficile de dire que la danse de Cunningham est abstraite, car c’est bien le corps qui est utilisé très loin dans ses possibilités, y compris dans ses rapports à l’intelligence. The dance depicted in here is thus not geared towards the camera's eye but towards the space-time of the stage Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Biography. C'est avec Merce Cunningham que commencent à se poser les problèmes de la danse moderne. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. En 1951, sa pièce 16 danses pour soliste et compagnie de trois va marquer le premier pas dans une autre direction que celle du retour au moi profond. Artworks. Merce Cunningham: Common Time delves into the Walker’s Merce Cunningham Dance Company (MCDC) Collection of costumes, décor elements, and sets, presented alongside musical recordings, video, installations, and live performances to show the breadth and depth of Cunningham’s radical, innovative, expansive, and collaborative practice, over his sixty-year-long career. Merce Cunningham Dance Company. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Merce-Cunningham, The Kennedy Center - Biography of Merce Cunningham, Stanford Presidential Lectures In The Humanities and Arts - Biography of Merce Cunningham, Artsalive.ca - Biography of Merce Cunningham, Praemium Imperiale - 2005: Merce Cunningham, HistoryLink.org - Biography of Merce Cunningham, Merce Cunningham - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). 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